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Rabindranath Tagore : a brief history



Brief Biography:-


Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861 - 7 August 1941), also known by the sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali mystic, Brahmo poet, visual artist, playwright, novelist, and composer whose works reshaped Bengali literature and music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He became Asia's first Nobel laureate when he won the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature.
A Pirali Brahminfrom Calcutta, Bengal, Tagore first wrote poems at the age of eight. At the age of sixteen, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym Bhanushingho ("Sun Lion") and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. In later life Tagore protested strongly against the British Raj and gave his support to the Indian Independence Movement. Tagore's life work endures, in the form of his poetry and the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University.

Tagore wrote novels, short stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays on political and personal topics. Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced), and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are among his best-known works. His verse, short stories, and novels, which often exhibited rhythmic lyricism, colloquial language, meditative naturalism, and philosophical contemplation, received worldwide acclaim. Tagore was also a cultural reformer and polymath who modernised Bengali art by rejecting strictures binding it to classical Indian forms. Two songs from his canon are now the national anthems of Bangladesh and India: the Amar Shonar Bangla and the Jana Gana Mana respectively.


Some of his Creations:-

Poetry
* মানসী Manasi 1890 (The Ideal One)
* সোনার তরী Sonar Tari 1894 (The Golden Boat)
* গীতাঞ্জলি Gitanjali 1910 (Song Offerings)
* গীতিমালা Gitimalya 1914 (Wreath of Songs)
* বলাকা Balaka 1916 (The Flight of Cranes)
Dramas
* বালমিকি প্রতিভা Valmiki Pratibha 1881 (The Genius of Valmiki)
* বিসর্জন Visarjan 1890 (The Sacrifice)
* রাজা Raja 1910 (The King of the Dark Chamber)
* ডাক ঘর Dak Ghar 1912 (The Post Office)
* অচলায়তন Achalayatan 1912 (The Immovable)
* মুক্তধারা Muktadhara 1922 (The Waterfall)
* রক্তকরবি Raktakaravi 1926 (Red Oleanders)
Literary fiction
* নষ্টনীঢ় Nastanirh 1901 (The Broken Nest)
* গোরা Gora 1910 (Fair-Faced)
* ঘরে বাইরে Ghare Baire 1916 (The Home and the World)
* যোগাযোগ Yogayog 1929 (Crosscurrents)
Autobiographies
* জীবনস্মৃতি Jivansmriti 1912 (My Reminiscences)
* ছেলেবেলা Chhelebela 1940 (My Boyhood Days)


English Translations:-

* Chitra (1914)
* Creative Unity (1922)
* Fireflies (1928)
* Fruit-Gathering (1916)
* Gitanjali: Song Offerings (1912)
* Glimpses of Bengal (1991)
* I Won't Let you Go: Selected Poems (1991)
* My Boyhood Days (1943)
* My Reminiscences (1991)
* Nationalism (1991)
* The Crescent Moon (1913)
* The Fugitive (1921)
* The Gardener (1913)
* The Home and the World (1985)
* The Hungry Stones and other stories (1916)
* The Post Office (1996)
* Sadhana: The Realisation of Life (1913)
* Selected Letters (1997)
* Selected Poems (1994)
* Selected Short Stories (1991)
* Songs of Kabir (1915)
* Stray Birds (1916)

Works in English

* Thought Relics (1921)

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